Additional Reading List for Torah and Science Issues


Please note: The following list is a very partial sampling of the literature on these topics. Many of the books listed have their own bibliographies, which should help the interested reader discover more material on these subjects. Some of the works listed are consonant with the Rebbe’s views on these subjects, while others offer alternative explanations, which the Rebbe did not agree with. The list of specific works is followed by a list of topics referencing most of these works. In addition, we have included excerpts from the cumulative index (as of 2008) of B’Or HaTorah: A Journal of Science, Art, and Modern Life in the Light of the Torah.


1. Specific Works


a. The Rebbe’s treatment of Science Issues


The most comprehensive compendium to date of the Rebbe’s discussions of science topics as related to the Torah is Mind over Matter: The Lubavitcher Rebbe on Science, Technology, and Medicine, complied by Rabbi Joseph Ginsburg and Professor Herman Branover, edited and translated by Arnie Gotfryd, Ph.D. (Jerusalem: Shamir, 2003).


b. Other Works


Aviezer, Nathan: In the Beginning: Biblical Creation and Science. Hoboken, NJ: Ktav Publishing House, 1990

Carmell, Aryeh and Domb, Cyril (editors): Challenge: Torah Views on Science and Its Problems. Jerusalem/NY: Feldheim, and Jerusalem/NY/London: The Association of Orthodox Jewish Scientists, 5738 (1978)

Forchheimer, Paul: Our Miraculous World. NY: Private Issue, 1983

Ginsburgh, Rabbi Yitzchak: Various articles, available at and/or 

Goldfinger, Andrew: Thinking About Creation: Eternal Torah and Modern Physics. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson Inc., 1999

Greenberger, Josh: Human Intelligence Gone Ape. NY: National Conference of Synagogue Youth, 1990.

Kaplan, Rabbi Aryeh: Immortality, Resurrection, and the Age of the Universe: A Kabbalistic View. Hoboken, NJ: Ktav Publishing House, and NY: The Association of Orthodox Jewish Scientists, 1993

Faces and Facets. NY: Moznaim Publishing Corporation, 1996

Levi, Leo: Torah and Science: Their Interplay in the World Scheme. Jerusalem/NY: Feldheim, and NY: The Association of Orthodox Jewish Scientists, 5743 (1983)

Miller, Rabbi Avigdor: Rejoice O Youth: A Comprehensive Jewish Ideology. NY: Private Issue, 5722 (1962)

Sing, You Righteous: A Jewish Seeker’s Ideology. NY: Private Issue, 5733 (1973)

Awake, My Glory: Aspects of Jewish Ideology. NY: Private Issue, 5740 (1980)

Schimmel, H. Chaim and Carmell, Aryeh (editors): Encounter: Essays on Torah and Modern Life. Jerusalem/NY: Feldheim, and Jerusalem/NY/London: The Association of Orthodox Jewish Scientists, 1989

Schroeder, Gerald, Ph.D.: Genesis and the Big Bang: The Discovery of Harmony between Modern Science and the Bible. NY (etc.): Bantam Books, 1990

The Science of God: The Convergence of Scientific and Biblical Wisdom. NY: Free Press, 1997

The Hidden Face of God: Science Reveals the Ultimate Truth. NY (etc.): Simon and Schuster, 2001

Shatz, David: “Is There Science in the Bible? An Assessment of Biblical Concordism” in Tradition 41:2 (2008) (

Slifkin, Rabbi Natan: The Challenge of Creation: Judaism’s Encounter with Science, Cosmology, and Evolution. Zoo Torah and NY: Yashar Books, 2006.

Spetner, Dr. Lee: Not By Chance: Shattering the Modern Theory of Evolution. NY: Judaica Press, 1997


2. Topics, referenced to the above works


General Issues

Levi (1983)

Carmell (1978)

Schimmel (1989)

Schroeder (1997, 2001)

Shatz (2008)

Slifkin (2006), pp. 27-133


The Age of the World

Levi (1983), pp. 102-104

Carmell (1978), pp. 124-285

Kaplan (1993), pp. 1-16

Goldfinger (1999), pp. 1-231

Greenberger (1990)

Miller (1973), pp.123-129; (1980), pp. 37-49

Schroeder (1990); (1997), pp. 41 ff.

Slifkin (2006), pp. 137-237



Levi (1983), pp. 104-106

Carmell (1978), pp. 124-285

Forchheimer (1983), pp. 27-32

Goldfinger (1999), pp. 233-287

Greenberger (1990)

Kaplan (1996), pp. 80-85

Miller (1962), pp. 10-34; (1973), pp. 41-42, 65-67, 79-122; (1980), pp. 27-36, 50-60, 125-130

Schroeder (1990), pp. 19-25, 128-141, 162-169; (1997), pp. 83-145

Slifkin (2006), pp. 241-343

Spetner (1997)


Free Will and Determinism

Levi (1983), pp. 106-113

Carmell (1978), pp. 296-342

Forchheimer (1983), pp. 43-48

Miller (1962), pp. 280-303

Schroeder (1997), pp. 146-165


3. Excerpts from the Cumulative Index of B’Or HaTorah

Subscriptions, articles, biographies, the complete index, etc., are available at

Roman numerals refer to issue of B’Or HaTorah; regular numbers refer to the page in the respective issue.



age of the universe, XIII:19-37; XVII:24-25,

determinism and quantum physics, VI:145, 149-150, 154-157;

      first six days of, XI:36-38, 70-71; XIII:7-17, 19-37, 63-68, 71-85, 127; XV:21-24; XVII: 20-24

rational argument for, VI:116-120; XI:11-14

      science and Judaism, XIII: 63-68

      symbolic interpretation of the age of the universe, XIII:71-85     

      versus evolution, I:28-31; II:60, III:8-11; IV:15-38, 61-69; XIII:7-17; XVII: 17,20-24    

Determinism, I:36-37; II:41; VI:43, 106, 141-157; VII:122-129; VIII:18-20, 129-131, 134; IX:23-24, 38-44; XII:148-149; XIII:9; XIV:11-12; XVI:7-16

Dinosaurs, XIII:88-93; XVII:75-77

Earth, age of, XIII:26, 87-93; XVII: 49-50

dating methods for age of Earth, II:32-38; XIII:87-93; XV:27-33; XVII:49-65

formation of the continents, XIII:87-93

Potassium-Argon method for dating, XV:27-33

tilt and rotation of, XIII:87-93

Evolution, II:17-25, 27-30, 60-61; IV:15-38, 61-62, 67; VI:43-44; IX:22-23; XII:143-144; XVII:5-14

      age of Earth, XVII:49-65

and Torah, XVII:17-35, 87-94

Darwinism and neo-Darwinism, I:28-31; II:16-25, 60-61; III:9, 13-21; IV:22-23, 30-31; XIII:8-

13, 95-106, 108-111; XIV:43-55; XVII: 37-38

evolutionism, XVII: 5

fossil dating, XVII:37, 39-46, 49

fossils, XVII:37-47

hominid, XVII:37-38,43-47

intelligent design, XVII:87-94

molecules-to-man fallacies, XVII:6-7, 10-13

natural selection, II:27-30; III:15-21; XIV:43-55

non-random mutations, XIV:45-55

saltations in, III:9

speciation, II:18,61; III:9

species, XVII:30-34, 92-94

Free Will, V:30, 93; IX:29; X:170-171; XII:44-45; XIII:8-9

determinism, I:36–37; II:67; VI:61–62, 141–157

Divine Providence, II:71; III:31-36; IV:73

genetic predetermination, XVI: 7-16

Geology, IV:61-62; XIII:87-93; XVII:49-65

geochronology and radioactive rock dating, XV:27-33; XVII: 49, 55-65

hydrothermal effects on rocks and minerals, XV:32-33


anthropic principle (AP), IX:26, 45-47; X:171-172; XI:41-44, 66; XVII:69-84

      big bang theory, II:45; III:8; IV:64-65; V:11; IX:44-45; XI:32-38;

    and creation, XV:21-24; XVII:120

black holes, II:5-53

Carmeli and cosmological relativity, XI:22-23; XV:21-24

chaos theory, IX:47-49

cosmic background radiation (CBR), XI:33-35

cosmic sound, XVII: 165-166

cosmology, V:7-11; XI:21-23, 32-40, 44; XV:21-24

biblical, V:7-11

Heaven and Earth, XI:101-113

history of, V:7-11, IX:21-22, 38-40, 44

Jewish, IV:64-66; V:28-32

modern, V:11-27; XV:21-24

physics of, V:7-11; XI:22-23; XIII:7-17, 19-37, 39-57, 63-68; XV:21-24

De Broglie on quantum physics and time, XI:24-25; XV:65-66

decrease of the duration of each day of Creation, XI:36; XV:21-24

Einstein’s general theory of relativity, XIII:20-37, 42-43, 49; XIV:92-93; XV:43-55

Einstein’s principle of equivalence, XI:56-57

Einstein’s theory of special relativity, XI:22-23, 55-57; XV:22-23; XV:43-55

entropy, IV:24-28

expansion, II:44-45; V:12-14, 20-22, 27-28; XI:35-38; XIII:19-37, 63-68

four forces, XI:51-68

      geocentrism, V:7-32; IX:26; X:165-167; XI:101-113; XIII:39-54, 59-61; XIV:91-99

gravitational constant, I:32-33

gravitational waves, XVII:163-165

gravity, XIII:39-61

GTR vs. Copenhagen School, III:26-28; XV:62-72

hidden variables, II:42

Hubble constant, XIII:21-26; Hubble time, XV:22-23

impact theory (asteroid theory), XIII:87-93, 100-101

quantum electrodynamics, I:38

quantum jump, II:54-55

quantum mechanics, I:37-40; XI:24-25, 58-60; XV:63-70

quantum metaphysics, XIII:10-17, 29-37, 51-53, 131-136; XV:63-70

quantum theory, III:8, 26-27; VI:105-106, 141, 146-157; IX:24-25, 35-49; XIII:29-37, 39-57;  history and paradoxes of, XV:63-70

quantum vacuum and creation, XVII: 119

quark confinement, XI:32-35, 58

randomness, VI:14-39, 46, 146-157

red shift, II:44; XI:34-35

relativity, I:26–27; IX:21-22

general theory of, II:43-45, 53-54; V:9, 11-27; VI:105, 110; XIII:20-37, 42-43, 49; XIV:92-93

special theory of, I:38-63, 65-66; VIII:8, 83, 182-183, 185-186; XV:22-23

role of the human observer, XIII:29-37, 39-57; XV:62-72; XVI:153-159

rotation, V:11–12, 24-26

space-time continuum, II:45-46, 53-54, IV:19-20; XI:22-25, 31-38; XIV:92-93; XV:47-55

standard model, XI:60-66

steady state theory, IV:64-65

superstring theory, XI:60-67

symmetry, XI:60-62

system of reference, XIII:39-54, 59-61; XV:62-72

teleo-derived big bang, XIII:7-17, 21-35

Theory of Everything, XI:49-68

time, relative and absolute, XI:21-28; XV:43-55

“twin paradox” of special relativity, XI:27-28, 56; XV:43-55

unified field theory, VI:110, 119

von Neuman on wave function, XV:67-69

worm hole, XI:67


conflict with religion, IX:3-32, XII:143-144; XV:137-159

limitations of, II:51-55, 81-90; III:5-11, 23-28; VI:49-56; IX: 13-32; XIV:5-8; XV:137-159

origins of modern science, XI:115-120; XIV:101-105; XV:127-159

scientific revolutions, XII:142-143; XIV:12; XV:127-159

Scientific method, II:51-52, 58-60; III:5-11, 14, 25-26; XIV:101-105; XV:137-159

extrapolation, II:34-36; III:7-8, 10; IX:22-23; XIII:10-13

versus revelation, II:89


age of, I:32-33; II:29-30, 33-37; III:16; XIII:19-37

blueprint of, IV:21-22; XIII:7-17; XIV:101-105, 115-120; XV:115-135

center of, V:7-32; XIII:39-54, 59-61; XIV:91-99

comprehending its structure, III:23-28, IX:21-22

expansion and finiteness/infinity of, II:44-45; V:12-14, 20-22, 27-28; XI:35-38; XIII:19-37; 63-68; XIV:67-69

purpose of, V:28; XIII:7-17, 39-54; XIV:91-99; XV:115-135